The state of Jammu and Kashmir has been demarcated into four geographical zones: The Shivalik ranges, The high mountains comprising of the Kashmir Valley and Pir Panchal range, Sub-mountain and semi-mountain plain & The middle portion of the Indus River constituting of Leh and Kargil.
"Kashmir", if literally translated, means the land desiccated from water: "ka" (the water) and shimeera (to desiccate). It was a belief that Kashmir was originally a lake that was drained by the great saint of ancient India Kashyap. It was included in the empire of Ashoka Maurya who is credited with the foundation of the city of Srinagar around the year 250 BC.
The beautiful Kashmir valley looks like a paradise on earth. The valley is so beautiful that you will fall in love with it at first sight itself. In fact, the charm and magnificence of Kashmir are beyond the expectation of everyone.
The Kashmir valley region is famous for its picturesque natural beauty and among other things is known for its Dal Lake that reflects the surrounding snow-capped mountain peaks. Many of Domestic tourists and across the world come every year to visit this beautiful place. The most interesting tourist attractions in the region are like Mughal garden, the floating vegetables, and flower markets and the unique experience of staying on a houseboat, Gulmarg, Sonmarg, Pahalgam etc. The Valley is known for its fresh apples and the intricate embroidery stitching that is done on the traditional warm kurtas, for both, men and women. Kashmir is a land where myriad holiday ideas are realized. In winter, when snow carpets the mountains, there are so many activities that tourist can enjoy like skiing, sled-riding along the gentle slopes etc. In spring and summer, the honey-dewed orchards, rippling lakes and blue skies beckon every soul to sample the many delights the mountains and valleys have to offer. Golfing at 2,700 m above the sea, water-skiing in the lakes and angling for prized rainbow trout, or simply drifting down the willow fringed alleys of lakes in shikaras and living in gorgeous houseboats are some of the most favored ones.